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Blackheads and Whiteheads

Acne affects about 90% of teenagers as well as 20% to 30% of individuals aged 20 to 40 years and is responsible by more doctor visits than any other skin problem. But not all acne is equal. Basically, acne can be separated into red bumps, blackheads and whiteheads. This separation is essential because both types are treated in a different way. Blackheads and whiteheads, technically called comedones, are types of acne that affect many people and can be more common on face and shoulders than red bumps filled with pus.

Blackhead Blackheads, technically called an open comedo, are follicles that have a wider than usual opening. Blackheads are filled with plugs of sebum and sloughed off cells and have undergone a chemical reaction resulting in the oxidation of melanin. The top of blackheads are black because of the chemical reaction of the oil plug with the air.


Whitehead Whiteheads, technically called a closed comedo, are plugged follicles below the surface of the skin. Because the air are unable to achieve the follicle, the material is not oxidized, and stay white. Whiteheads are maybe the most common type of pimples that acne sufferers experience.

Causes of blackheads

Blackheads usually develop if your skin produces too much oil. The congesting Acne T-Zonetoxins that are being expelled through your skin from the blood and lymph fluid combines with sebum creating a pasty glue, then the uncovered tip becomes oxidized and black, that's why the name - blackheads. Blackheads are the first phase of acne; prior to bacteria invade the pore which results in infection and inflammation. The skin's most intense oil glands are situated in T-zone.

Useful Tips to get rid of blackheads

Avoid picking blackheads as this delays healing.

You can use blackhead strips which are tape like strips.

Wash the skin twice a day using a mild soap, especially after exercise.

Maintain your hair away from your face. Oily hair and skin go hand in hand.

Exfoliate the blackhead prone area at least 3 times a week with facial exfoliators.

Skin care products with salicyclic acid and chemical peels with glycolic acid are very valuable in removing dead skin cells from the pores, successfully and quickly.

A 2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide facial cleanser will help get rid of blackheads.

If blackheads persist, consult a dermatologist for professional advice.

Without doubt these methods can help you remove your blackheads, but beside you need to follow a habitual skin care regime to permanently eradicate your blackheads.


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